Joseph A. Buckhalt, Ph.D.




Wayne T. Smith Distinguished Professor and Director, School Psychology Program





·  Academic Biographical Information

·  Current Research

·  Selected Recent Publications

·  Selected Recent Presentations

·  Dissertations Directed

·  Contact Information, Other Web Addresses and Weblogs  



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Academic Biographical Information

B.A. M.S. Auburn University; Ph.D. George Peabody College, Vanderbilt University

Licensed Psychologist, State of Alabama #250

National Certification in School Psychology #1287

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Current Research

  • Children’s Sleep as a Risk/Protective Factor for School Performance, Adjustment, and Health
  • Intelligence, School Psychology, and Education                                               


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Selected Recent Publications


 Keller, P.S., Buckhalt, J.A., & El-Sheikh, M. (2008, in press). Links between family functioning and sleep. Chapter to appear in A. Ivanenko (Ed.). Sleep and psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. New York: Informa Healthcare.


 El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., Keller, P. S., & Granger, D. (2007, in press). Children’s objective and subjective sleep disruptions. Links with

            afternoon cortisol levels.  Health Psychology. 


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., Granger, D.A., Erath, S., & Acebo, C. (2007). The association between children’s sleep and afternoon salivary interleukin-6.  Journal of Sleep Research, 16, 188-197.


 Buckhalt, J.A., Wolfson, A., & El-Sheikh, M. (2007). Children’s sleep, academic performance, and school behavior. NASP Communique, 35, 40-43.


Buckhalt, J.A., El-Sheikh, M., Holthaus, C., Baker, S., & Wolfson, A. (2007). Sleep and school performance:  What teachers and parents can

            do. NASP Communique, 35, (insert), 2-3.


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., Keller, P., Cummings M., & Acebo, C. (2007). Child emotional insecurity and academic achievement: The role

            of sleep disruptions.  Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 29-38.


Buckhalt, J.A., El-Sheikh, M, & Keller. P. (2007) Children’s sleep and cognitive functioning: Race and socioeconomic status as moderators of

            effects. Child Development, 78, 213-231. 


McGhee, R., Ehrler, D., & Buckhalt, J.A. (2007).  5-FFPI-C: Five Factor Personality Inventory for Children.  Austin, TX:  Pro-Ed





El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., Cummings, E.M., & Keller, P. (2007). Sleep disruptions and emotional insecurity are pathways of risk for children.  Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48, 88-96.  


Granger, D.A., Kivlighan, K.T., Blair, C., El-Sheikh, M., Mize, J., Lisonbee, J., Buckhalt, J.A., Stroud, L.R., Schwartz, E.B., Handwerger, K.  (2006). Integrating the measurement of salivary alpha-amylase into studies of child health, development, and social relationships.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (Special issue), 23(2), 267-290.


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A.,  Mize, J., & Acebo, C. (2006). Marital conflict and disruption of children’s sleep. Child Development, 77, 31-43.


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. (2005). Vagal regulation and emotional intensity predict children’s sleep problems. Developmental

            Psychobiology, 46, 307-317.


Cobia, D.C., Carney, J.S., Buckhalt, J.A., Houston, I., Middleton, R.A., Shannon, D.M., Trippany, R., & Ullery, E. (2005). The Doctoral

            Portfolio: Centerpiece of a Comprehensive System of Evaluation. Counselor Education and Supervision, 44, 242-254.


Buckhalt, J.A. (2005). Unexcused Absence: Personality Assessment in Schools.  Review of Big Five Assessment, edited by Boele De Raad & Marco Perugini, Hogrefe & Huber, 2002, ISBN 0-88937-242-X, 491 pages. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 23, 69-75.


Buckhalt, J.A., Baird, S, & Reilly, A. (2004). Early language intervention for children with developmental disabilities.  In J.L. Matson, R.B. Laud, & M.L. Matson (Eds.). Behavior modification for persons with developmental disabilities: Empirically supported treatments.Vol. 2. New York: National Association for the Dually Diagnosed.


Buckhalt, J.A., El-Sheikh, M. & Elmore, L. (2003). Sleep, vagal regulation, and risk outcomes for children exposed to marital conflict.  Abstract of presentation at the annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, Chicago, Sleep, A134.  (Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Sleep Research Society).


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. (2003). Parental problem drinking and children’s adjustment: Attachment and family functioning as moderators and mediators of risk. Journal of Family Psychology, 17, 510-52.


Brazelton. E. W., Jackson, R., Buckhalt, J.A. Shapiro, S, & Byrd, D. (2003). Scoring errors on the WISC-III: A study across levels of

            education, degree fields, and current professional positions.  The Professional Educator, 25, 1-8.


Buckhalt, J.A. (2002). A short history of g: Psychometrics’ most enduring and controversial construct. Learning and Individual Differences,

            13, 101-114.


Buckhalt, J.A. (2002). Overview of special issue: Is g a viable construct for school psychology? Learning and Individual Differences, 13, 97-



Buckhalt, J. A. & Petersen, R. (2002). Review of Essentials of WAIS-III Assessment, by Alan S. Kaufman & Elizabeth O. Lichtenberger, New

            York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 20, 390-394.


Buckhalt, J.A. & Oates, D. (2002).  Sensation seeking and performance on divided attention tasks varying in complexity Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 67-78. 


McGhee, R.L. & Buckhalt, J.A. (2002). Increasing rates of autism diagnoses. NASP Communique, 30, 40-41.


 Buckhalt, J.A., McGhee, R.L. & Ehrler, D.J.( 2001). An investigation of Gf-Gc theory in the older adult population: Joint factor analysis of

            the Woodcock-Johnson-Revised and the Detroit Test of Leaning Aptitude-Adult. Psychological Reports, 88, 1161-1170.


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., & Reiter, S.L. (2000). Gender-related effects in emotional responding to resolved and unresolved interpersonal conflict.  Sex Roles, 43, 719-734.  


Buckhalt, J.A. (2000). A call for a new referendum on conclusions of The Bell Curve.  Commentary on Revisiting The Bell Curve by A.

            Reifman. Psycoloquy, 1 (128). 


Buckhalt, J.A. & Gannon, E.J. (2000). Scientific truth and perceived truth about sexual human nature: Implications for therapists.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 595-596.



Selected Recent Presentations


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. Does couples' conflict make children sick?  The latest information on children's sleep, health, and school

            performance.  Presented at the Inaugural Alabama Health  Marriage, Healthy Relationships, and Responsible Fatherhood

            Conference on Best Practices.  Opelika, Alabama, September, 2007


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., & Keller, P.S. Children's emotional insecurity and their adjustment in multiple domains: The role of sleep

            disruptions. Presented in a symposium, Carpe Noctem: Family Functioning and the Sleep of Infants, Children, and Adolescents Chairs:

            Mona M. El-Sheikh, Ronald E. Dahl  at the Biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Boston, March



El-Sheikh, M., Keller, P.S., Buckhalt, J.A., & Cummings, E.M. Marital conflict, children's sleep, and adjustment problems: The role of vagal

            regulation. Presented in a symposium,  Family Functioning and the Adjustment of Infants and Children: The Role of Physiological

            Regulation. Chairs: Mona M. El-Sheikh, Susan D Calkins at the Biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child

            Development, Boston, March 2007


Buckhalt, J.A. & El-Sheikh, M. Children's alpha-amylase responses to stress predict multiple outcomes over a two year period. Presented in a

            symposium, Salivary a-amylase Levels and Stress Reactivity: Cross-sectional and Prospective Associations with Children's Behavior

            Problems Chair: Douglas A. Granger at the Biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Boston, March



 McGhee, R., Ehrler, D., Buckhalt, J.A., & Phillips, C. The FFPI-C: Five Factor Personality Inventory for Children.  Presented at the annual

            meeting of the National Association of School Psychologists, New York, March 2007.


El-Sheikh, M., & Buckhalt, J.A., Granger, D.A., & Mize, J. Salivary Alpha-Amylase and Cortisol: Their Association with Children's

            Adjustment, Health, Sleep, and Cognitive Functioning. Presentation in a symposium, Physiological Reactivity, Behavior, Cognition,

            and Health: A New Approach Involving Salivary Alpha-Amylase and Cortisol, at Society for Research in Adolescence Conference

            San Francisco, March 25, 2006.


Buckhalt, J.A., El-Sheikh, M, & Keller. P. Children’s Sleep and Cognitive Functioning: Race and Socioeconomic Status as Moderators of

            Effects. Presentation at Pediatric Sleep Medicine 2006: Next  Steps in Research, Patient Care, Policy, and Education. Amelia

            Island, Florida, March 10-12, 2006.


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. Sleep and children's cortisol and immune system functioning. Presentation at Pediatric Sleep Medicine 2006:

            Next Steps in Research, Patient Care, Policy, and Education. Amelia Island, Florida, March 10-12, 2006


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. Children’s Sleep Disruptions: The Role of Cortisol and IL-6. Presentation at Pediatric Sleep Medicine 2006:

            Next Steps in Research, Patient Care, Policy, and Education. Amelia Island, Florida, March 10-12, 2006.  *Note: This was one of

            five research papers chosen to be presented at the opening Plenary session.


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A. (April, 2005).  "Mom & Dad, I Couldn't Sleep at All Last Night ": Marital Conflict and Disruption of

            Children's Sleep Duration and Quality. Presented in a paper symposium,  Marital Discord and Child Development: Developmental and

            Transactional Perspectives on the Role of Basic Regulatory Processes at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child

            Development, Atlanta.


El-Sheikh, M. & Buckhalt, J.A (February, 2005). Family Stress, Children’s Sleep, and Physiological Reactivity and Regulation.  Presented at Pediatric Sleep Medicine: Priorities for Research, Patient Care, Policy and Education, Sponsored by Brown University Medical School, Amelia Island Plantation, Amelia Island, FL. 


Buckhalt, J.A., El-Sheikh, M. & Elmore, L. (June, 2003). Sleep, vagal regulation, and risk outcomes for children exposed to marital conflict.  Presentation at the annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, Chicago.


Milligan, M. & Buckhalt, J.A.. (August, 2002). Where is optimism in the Big Five?  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Chicago.  


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A. & Elmore, L. (April, 2002). Parental problem drinking and child outcomes: Family cohesion and adaptability as moderators and mediators of risk. Presented at the biennial Conference on Human Development, Charlotte, NC


El-Sheikh, M., Buckhalt, J.A., & Elmore, L. (April, 2002). Child-parent attachments moderate associations between parental problem drinking and child outcomes. Presented at the biennial Conference on Human Development, Charlotte, NC.


Cobia, D.C., Ullery, B., Shannon, D., Carney, J. Buckhalt, J., Middleton, R., & Trippany, R. (March, 2002). Auburn University Replaces

            Traditional Written Exam with Portfolio Assessment for Doctorate in Counselor Education.  Presented at the American Counseling

            Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.


El-Sheikh, M., Whitson, S.  & Buckhalt, J.A. (August, 2001).  Marital conflict and children’s adjustment: Physiological reactivity as a

            moderator.  Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological  Association Convention, San Francisco.


Buckhalt, J.A., Patton, R., Edwards, J., Thomas, A, & Edgar, K. (2000, November). Implications of circadian rhythm and sleep research for children’s school functioning.  Presented at the Mid-South Regional Conference on Psychology in the Schools, Point Clear, AL.


McGhee, R.L., Ehrler, D. & Buckhalt, J.A. (2000, April).  Testing the Gf-Gc information processing model with written language. Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.



Dissertations Directed

1. Bogie, C. E.  (Ed.D., 1983).  Reactions to failure and success among gifted, average, and EMR students.  


2. Martin, M. V.  (Ed.D., 1986).  The effect of noncontingent reinforcement on attributional



3. Camilleri, J. E.  (Ed.D., 1987).  A comparative study of children's fears.


4. Day, M. A.  (Ed.D., 1988).  Effects of conflict resolution sessions with elementary students on empathy, sociometric status, self-esteem, and frequency of self-reported conflicts.


5. Byrd, P. D.  (Ed.D., 1989).  A multitrait-multimethod construct validity study of the Differential Ability Scales.


6. Snider, P. R.  (Ph.D., 1989).  Attributions, coping styles, and affective states in women with breast cancer.


7. Ledford, A. B.  (Ed.D., 1990).  Identification of antisocial and socially misperceptive subgroups in delinquent adolescents.


8. Early, J. A.  (Ed.D., 1990).  Validation of the Behavior Checklist and Mainstreaming Guide for determining the least restrictive educational environment.


9. Servey, L. D.  (Ed.D., 1990).  Perceived competency and initial academic failure in seventh grade.


10. Collins, M. A. (Ph.D., 1991).  The role of occupational type on perceived effectiveness and 

preference for therapeutic style.


11. McGhee, R.L. (Ed.D., 1991). Fluid and crystallized intelligence: A confirmatory factor analysis study of  second order factors from three cognitive batteries.


12. Sims, P. (Ed.D., 1992). The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult psychological functioning.


13. Logan, J.R. (Ph.D., 1992). Assessing the utility of a MMPI-based criminal classification system in predicting disciplinary infractions among incarcerated adult males.


14. Denes, G.E. (Ph.D., 1993). Personality characteristics of crack cocaine addicts.


 15. Niebuhr, Katherine (Ed.D, 1994).  The relationship of school climate, family environment, and student characteristics to academic achievement.


16. Oliver, R.E. (Ed.D., 1994).  A correlational study of children's social intelligence, social influence, academic intelligence, and academic achievement.


17. Oates, David F. (Ph.D., 1995).  Sensation seeking as a predictor of group differences in subjective time estimation as a secondary task.


18. Hamilton, L.C. (Ed.D, 1995).  Direct care staff and their supervisor's perceptions of job satisfaction and job stress in group homes for individuals with mental retardation.


19. Grand, S. (Ph.D., 1995). Sensation seeking, intimacy, and substance abuse among adult children of alcoholics.  


20. Owen, D. (Ph.D., 1995). A study of college student drinking patterns and the mediating effects of gender identity and social anxiety.


21. Turner, B.L. (Ed.D., 1996). Effects of response cost, bibliotherapy and academic tutoring on attentional behavior, achievement, work productivity, accuracy and self-esteem in children with  Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.


22. Ozone, S.J. (Ph.D., 1997). The relationship between Holland’s theory of vocational interest and the Five Factor Model of personality.


23. Kubiak, C.H.S.  (Ph.D., 1997).  The relationship between community crime level and the  manifestation of anxiety in a referred sample of children.


24. Jenik, C. (Ph.D., 1998).  Teachers’ perceptions of “slow learners”: A concept mapping



25. Waggoner, I. (Ph.D., 1998). Cognitive-behavior therapy and cognitive therapy for body image awareness in sixth grade females. 


26. Tarver, A. (Ph.D., 1999). Adolescent coping skills.


27. Morris, R. (Ph.D., 1999). The relationship between high school size and student extracurricular activity participation, student dropout rate, and crime and violence in the school.


28. Barrett, P. (Ph.D., 2000). Validation of the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence - Third Edition (TONI-3) for Jamaican students.


29. McGarrity, J. (Ph.D., 2001). Curriculum bias in achievement tests used for learning disability discrepancy analysis.


30. Paul, C. (Ph.D., 2002). Children’s descriptions of other children’s big five personality characteristics.


31. Milligan, M. (Ph.D., 2003). Optimism and the five-factor model of personality, coping, and health behavior.


32. Behrman, A. (Ph.D., 2004).  Morningness-eveningness, circadian rhythm, and performance of collegiate golfers.


33. Godfrey, M. (Ph.D., 2005).  Sleep characteristics of students referred for academic problems.


34. Haffey, K. (Ph.D. 2006). The relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological adjustment in children with cancer.


35. McKee-Williams, A. (Ph.D. 2007). Self-ratings of multicultural competency by consulting school psychologists.


36. Donna Lee (Ph.D. 2007). An experimental examination of children’s sleep quality and improvements resulting from a parent education intervention.

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Contact Information


Counselor Education, Counseling Psychology, and School Psychology Department, Haley Center 2084, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849-5222 

Electronic mail address

Web addresses



Research Laboratory


Child Zzzzs    

Children’s Personality Assessment

Office Phone              Research Lab phone
334-844-2875              334-844-6905

FAX number

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Last revised: 10-25-2007
September 28, 2007. Link